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Evidence-Based Orthopedics


Evidence-Based Orthopedics


Evidence-Based Medicine 2. Aufl.

von: Mohit Bhandari

202,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 13.07.2021
ISBN/EAN: 9781119413943
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 1184

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Beschreibungen

<p><i>Evidence-Based Orthopedics</i> is an up-to-date review of the best evidence for the diagnosis, management, and treatment of orthopedic conditions. Covering orthopedic surgery as well as pre- and post-operative complications, this comprehensive guide provides recommendations for implementing evidence-based practice in the clinical setting. Chapters written by leading clinicians and researchers in the field are supported by tables of evidence that summarize systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials. In areas where evidence is insufficient to recommend a practice, summaries of the available research are provided to assist in decision-making.</p> <p>This fully revised new edition reflects the most recent evidence using the approved evidence-based medicine (EBM) guidelines and methodology. The text now places greater emphasis on GRADE—a transparent framework for developing and presenting summaries of evidence—to allow readers to easily evaluate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations. The <i>second edition</i> offers a streamlined presentation and an improved standardized format emphasizing how evidence in each chapter directly affects clinical decisions. Incorporating a vast amount of new evidence, Evidence-Based Orthopedics:</p> <ul> <li>Features thoroughly revised and updated content, including a new chapter on pediatric orthopedics and new X-ray images</li> <li>Provides the evidence base for orthopedic surgery as well as pediatric orthopedics and orthopedic conditions requiring medical treatment</li> <li>Covers the different methods for most orthopedic surgical procedures, such as hip replacements, arthroscopy, and knee replacements</li> <li>Helps surgeons and orthopedic specialists achieve a uniform optimum standard through a condition-based approach</li> </ul> <p>Aligns with internationally accepted guidelines and best health economic principles <i>Evidence-Based Orthopedics</i> is an invaluable resource for orthopedic specialists, surgeons, trauma surgeons, trainees, and medical students.</p>
<p>Contributors, xv</p> <p>Foreword, xxix</p> <p>Preface, xxxi</p> <p>Abbreviations, xxxiii</p> <p><b>Section I Methodology of Evidence-Based Orthopedics</b></p> <p>1 Principles of Evidence-Based Orthopedics, 3<br /><i>Niek van der Hoek MD and Paul Tornetta III MD</i></p> <p>2 Hierarchy of Evidence and Common Study Designs, 7<br /><i>Annie George BHSc, Ydo V. Kleinlugtenbelt MD PhD, and Kim Madden PhD</i></p> <p>3 Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, 11<br /><i>Joseph T. Patterson MD and Saam Morshed MD PhD MPH</i></p> <p>4 Healthcare Recommendations: Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) Approach, 19<br /><i>Mark Phillips BSc PhD, Cand</i></p> <p>5 Outcomes and Their Interpretations, 25<br /><i>Leah Gitajn MD</i></p> <p>6 Value-Based Orthopedics, 31<br /><i>Nathan N. O'Hara MHA and Daniel Mwayafu MBChB MMed</i></p> <p><b>Section II Orthopedic Medicine</b></p> <p>7 Critical Issues in Osteoporosis Management, 39<br /><i>Matthew Wong-Pack BHSc MD (Cand), Kyra Cummings, Arthur Lau MD FRCPC, and Jonathan D. Adachi MD FRCPC</i></p> <p>8 Venous Thromboembolic Events, 51<br /><i>Ernest Kwek MBBS FRCS(Ed) and Richard E. Buckley MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>9 Blood Transfusion, 55<br /><i>Seper Ekhtiari MD MSc, David W. Sanders MD FRCSC, and Jeffrey L. Carson MD</i></p> <p>10 Wound Infections, 59<br /><i>Mark D. Hasenauer MD, Michael D. Hunter MD, Kyle J. Jeray MD, and Atul F. Kamath MD</i></p> <p>11 Smoking Cessation, 65<br /><i>Paul E. Matuszewski MD, David Zuelzer MD, and Robert V. O'Toole MD</i></p> <p>12 Perioperative Medical Management, 71<br /><i>Jennifer Muniak MD, Susan M. Friedman MD MPH, Joseph A. Nicholas MD MPH, and Daniel A. Mendelson MD MSc</i></p> <p>13 Orthobiologics, 75<br /><i>John A. Buza III MD and Thomas A. Einhorn MD</i></p> <p>14 Intimate Partner Violence, 83<br /><i>Sheila Sprague PhD, Taryn Scott MSW, Erika Arseneau MSc, Prism Schneider MD FRCSC, Andrew Furey MD FRCSC, Rudolf Poolman MD PhD, Emil Schemitsch MD, and Mohit Bhandari MD PhD</i></p> <p>15 Pain Management in Orthopedic Surgery, 91<br /><i>Vishal Uppal MD FRCA and Harsha Shanthanna MD PhD</i></p> <p>16 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Depression, 99<br /><i>Basem Attum MD and William Obremsky</i></p> <p>17 Nutrition and Supplements in Orthopedic Care, 105<br /><i>Martí Bernaus MD, Brad Petrisor MD MSc, Sofia Bzovsky MSc, and Sheila Sprague PhD</i></p> <p><b>Section III Joint Reconstruction</b></p> <p><b>III.I Hip and Knee</b></p> <p>18 Outpatient Total Joint Arthroplasty, 113<br /><i>Michael Pollock BSc MSc and Brent Lanting MD</i></p> <p>19 Hip Preservation, 117<br /><i>Ahmed El-Bakoury MBBS PhD, Asif A. H. Parkar MBBS, and James N. Powell MD</i></p> <p>20 The Direct Anterior Approach, 123<br /><i>Thomas J. Wood MD and Brent Lanting MD MSc</i></p> <p>21 Computer Navigation in Total Hip Arthroplasty, 129<br /><i>Aamer Malik MD PhD and Lawrence Dorr MD</i></p> <p>22 Highly Crosslinked Polyethylene in Total Hip Arthroplasty, 135<br /><i>Glen Richardson MD MSc FRCSC and Michael J. Dunbar MD PhD FRCSC</i></p> <p>23 Hip Resurfacing, 141<br /><i>Adam Hart MD MASc, Nikolaos Davarinos MD MSc, and John Antoniou MD PhD</i></p> <p>24 Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasty, 147<br /><i>Oliver Marin-Peña MD, Olga Pidgaiska MD, and PedroReis-Campos</i></p> <p>25 Ceramic in Total Hip Arthroplasty, 153<br /><i>Peter M. Lewis MB BCh FRCS(Orth) and James P. Waddell MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>26 Cement in Total Hip Arthroplasty, 161<br /><i>Jorge H. Nuñez MD, Tony Fraguas MD, Ernesto Guerra-Farfán MD, and Diego Collado MD</i></p> <p>27 Head Size in Total Hip Arthroplasty, 167<br /><i>Francesc Angles MD, Jorge H. Nuñez MD, and Pablo Castillón MD</i></p> <p>28 Dual Mobility in Total Hip Arthroplasty, 173<br /><i>Iñaki Mimendia MD, Maria Jurado MD, Ernesto Guerra-Farfán MD, and Victor Barro MD PhD</i></p> <p>29 Trunnionosis, 179<br /><i>Christopher Del Balso MBBS MSc, Emil Schemitsch MD, and Brent Lanting MD MSc</i></p> <p>30 Periprosthetic Hip Fractures, 185<br /><i>Lisa C. Howard MD, Bas A. Masri MD, Don S. Garbuz MD, and Clive P. Duncan MD</i></p> <p>31 The Infected Total Hip Arthroplasty, 191<br /><i>Sebastián A. León MD, Xin Y. Mei MD, and Paul R. Kuzyk MD MASc</i></p> <p>32 The Painful Total Hip Arthroplasty, 199<br /><i>Asif A. H. Parkar MBBS, Ahmed El-Bakoury MBBS PhD, and James N. Powell MD</i></p> <p>33 Revision of the Femoral Component, 205<br /><i>Lisa C. Howard MD, Bas A. Masri MD, Don S. Garbuz MD, and Clive P. Duncan MD</i></p> <p>34 Revision of the Acetabular Component, 213<br /><i>Nikolaos Davarinos MD MSc, Adam Hart MDCM MASc, and John Antoniou MD PhD</i></p> <p>35 Antibiotic Cement in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 221<br /><i>Stephen M. Petis MD MSc FRCSC and Steven J. MacDonald MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>36 Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty and Patellofemoral Resurfacing Arthroplasty, 225<br /><i>Waleed Albishi MBBS, Paul Jamieson MD, IvanKamikovski MD, and Geoffrey Dervin MD</i></p> <p>37 Cemented versus Uncemented Fixation in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 231<br /><i>Thomas Turgeon MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>38 Cruciate Retaining versus Posterior Stabilized Total Knee Arthroplasty, 237<br /><i>Michael G. Zywiel MD MSc FRCSC and Sarah Ward MD MLA FRCSC</i></p> <p>39 Patellar Resurfacing in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 243<br /><i>Michael G. Zywiel MD MSc FRCSC, Rajiv Gandhi MD MSc FRCSC, and Nizar N. Mahomed MD ScD FRCSC</i></p> <p>40 Mechanical versus Kinematic Alignment in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 249<br /><i>Pascal-André Vendittoli MD MSc, William Blakeney MBBS MSc MS FRACS, Charles Rivière, and Gene Dossett</i></p> <p>41 Ligament Balancing in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 253<br /><i>Pascal-André Vendittoli MD MSc, Jihad Matta MD, Christophe Fornasieri MD, and William Blakeney MBBS MSc MS FRACS</i></p> <p>42 Robotics in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 259<br /><i>Seper Ekhtiari MD MSc, Vickas Khanna MD, and Anthony Adili MD</i></p> <p>43 Patient-Specific Instrumentation in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 265<br /><i>Seper Ekhtiari MD MSc, Luc Rubinger MD, Vickas Khanna MD, and Anthony Adili MD</i></p> <p>44 Metal Allergy in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 269<br /><i>Amit Atrey MD MSc FRCSC</i></p> <p>45 Perioperative Management in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 275<br /><i>Sebastian M. Klim MD and Mathias Glehr MD</i></p> <p>46 Arthrofibrosis following Total Knee Arthroplasty, 279<br /><i>Samuel T. Walters MBBS, Saket Tibrewal MBBS, and Jakob van Oldenrijk MD PhD</i></p> <p>47 High-Flexion Implants in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 285<br /><i>Thomas J. Wood MD FRCSC and Douglas D. R. Naudie MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>48 Venous Thromboembolism in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 289<br /><i>Harman Chaudhry MD MSc and Mitch Winemaker MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>49 Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene in Total Knee Arthroplasty, 295<br /><i>Pascal-André Vendittoli MD MSc, William Blakeney MBBS MSc MS FRACS, Ebru Oral, and Orhun Muratoglu</i></p> <p>50 Exposure and Implant Options in Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty, 301<br /><i>Felipe Moreira MD, Maria Jurado MD, and Marcelo Casaccia MD</i></p> <p>51 The Painful Total Knee Arthroplasty, 307<br /><i>Jason Werle MD FRCSC, Kelly Johnston MD FRCSC, Nicholas Desy MD FRCSC, and Stuart Goodman MD PhD FRCSC</i></p> <p>52 Diagnosing the Infected Total Knee Arthroplasty, 315<br /><i>Mina Tohidi MD and John F. Rudan MD</i></p> <p>53 Management of the Infected Total Knee Arthroplasty, 321<br /><i>Ewout S. Veltman MD and Dirk Jan F. Moojen MD PhD</i></p> <p>54 Management of the Unstable Total Knee Arthroplasty, 325<br /><i>John Esposito MD FRCSC and James L. Howard MD MSc FRCSC</i></p> <p>55 Stem Choices in Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty, 329<br /><i>Pablo A. I. Slullitel MD, Gerard M. J. March MD FRCSC, and Paul R. Kim MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>56 Periprosthetic Fractures: Knee, 335<br /><i>Jesse Wolfstadt MD MSc FRCSC and Aaron Nauth MD MSc FRCSC</i></p> <p>57 Femoral Bone Defects in Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty, 341<br /><i>Adam Katchky MD MSc FRCSC and David J. Backstein MEd MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>58 Management of Structural Defects in Revision Knee Arthroplasty: Tibial Side, 349<br /><i>Sebastián León MD, Jennifer Leighton MD FRCSC, Xin Y. Mei MD, and Paul R. Kuzyk MD MASc FRCSC</i></p> <p>59 Patellar Options in Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty, 355<br /><i>Jesse Wolfstadt MD MSc FRCSC and Paul Zalzal MASc MD FRCSC</i></p> <p><b>III.II Shoulder</b></p> <p>60 Implant Design Options in the Treatment of Shoulder Osteoarthritis, 361<br /><i>Chad Myeroff MD, Michael Knudsen MD, and Michael D.McKee MD FRCS(C)</i></p> <p>61 Cement in Shoulder Arthroplasty, 369<br /><i>Midhat Patel MD and Niloofar Dehghan MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>62 Management of Glenoid Bone Loss, 375<br /><i>Diego Soza MD, Montserrat García-Portabella MD, Lledó Batalla MD, and Josep Massons MD PhD</i></p> <p>63 Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty, 381<br /><i>Mitchel D. Armstrong MD BMSc FRCSC, Bandar M. Assiry MBBS SB-orth, and Ryan T. Bicknell MD MSc FRCSC</i></p> <p>64 Glenoid Components in Total Shoulder Arthroplasty, 387<br /><i>Eric Benson MD, George Athwal MD, and Kenneth Faber MD</i></p> <p>65 Periprosthetic Joint Infection in Shoulder Arthroplasty, 393<br /><i>Peter Lapner MD FRCSC, Jay Keener MD, and Thomas Duquin MD</i></p> <p><b>III.III Foot and Ankle</b></p> <p>66 Ankle Osteoarthritis, 401<br /><i>Rosa Busquets MD PhD and Andrea Sallent MD</i></p> <p>67 Osteoarthritis of the 1st Metatarsophalangeal Joint, 407<br /><i>Seper Ekhtiari MD MSc and Waleed Kishta MD PhD</i></p> <p>68 Hallux Valgus, 413<br /><i>Sebastián Drago Perez MD and Cristian Ortiz Mateluna MD</i></p> <p>69 Cavovarus Foot, 419<br /><i>Sebastián Drago Perez MD and Cristian Ortiz Mateluna MD</i></p> <p><b>Section IV Trauma</b></p> <p><b>IV.I General Trauma</b></p> <p>70 Damage Control Orthopedics, 425<br /><i>Sascha Halvachizadeh MD, Paolo Cinelli PhD, Florin Allemann MD, Philipp Kobbe MD MHBA, and Hans-Christoph Pap MD</i></p> <p>71 Open Fractures, 431<br /><i>Michael D. Hunter MD, Mark D. Hasenauer MD, Atul F.Kamath MD, and Kyle J. Jeray MD</i></p> <p>72 The Mangled Extremity, 437<br /><i>Tiffany Huynh MD and Ted V. Tufescu MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>73 Acute Compartment Syndrome, 441<br /><i>Aurelia Bihari PhD, Christopher Del Balso MBBSMSc FRCSC, and Abdel-Rahman Lawend MD PhD FRCSC</i></p> <p>74 Noninvasive Technologies for Fracture Repair, 447<br /><i>Natsumi Saka MD, Yoshinobu Watanabe MD PhD, and Takashi Matsushita MD DSc</i></p> <p>75 Calcium-Based Bone Substitutes, 451<br /><i>Ross Leighton BSc MD FRCSC, Kelly Trask BEng MScCCRP, Thomas A. Russell MD, Mohit Bhandari MD MSc, and Richard E. Buckley MD FRCSC</i></p> <p><b>IV.II Shoulder Girdle and Upper Extremity</b></p> <p>76 Scapula Fractures, 457<br /><i>Peter A. Cole MD and Lisa K. Schroder BS MBA</i></p> <p>77 Sternoclavicular Joint, 463<br /><i>Annie Weber MD and Raymond A. Pensy MD</i></p> <p>78 Clavicle Fractures, 469<br /><i>Chad Myeroff MD and Michael D.McKee MD FRCS(C)</i></p> <p>79 Acromioclavicular Joint, 475<br /><i>Chad Myeroff MD and Michael D. McKee MD FRCS (C)</i></p> <p>80 Proximal Humeral Fractures, 481<br /><i>Benjamin Kopp MD and David Ring MD PhD</i></p> <p>81 Humeral Shaft Fractures, 487<br /><i>David J. Hak MD MBA FACS and Cyril Mauffrey MD FRCS FACS</i></p> <p>82 Distal Humerus Fractures, 491<br /><i>Brandon Girardi MD, Emil H. Schemitsch MD, and Aaron Nauth MD MSc</i></p> <p>83 Elbow Dislocations, 499<br /><i>Lisa C. Howard MD and Jason W. Pollock MD</i></p> <p>84 Radial Head Fractures, 505<br /><i>James D. Spearman Jr MD MBA, David Ring MD PhD, and Lee M. Reichel MD</i></p> <p>85 Olecranon Fractures, 509<br /><i>Michael C. Daly MD and Jesse B. Jupiter MD</i></p> <p>86 Forearm Fractures, 515<br /><i>Habeeb Khan CCPA and Rudolf W. Poolman MD PhD</i></p> <p>87 Distal Radius Fractures, 521<br /><i>Boris A. Zelle MD and Riikkaa E. Nomides MD</i></p> <p>88 Carpal Dislocations, 525<br /><i>Carl Nunziato MD, Geert A. Buijze MD PhD, and David Ring MD PhD</i></p> <p>89 Carpal Fractures, 529<br /><i>Bert Perey MD FRCSC, Emanuelle Villemaire-Côté MD FRCSC, and Francesc A. Marcano-Fernández MD PhD</i></p> <p>90 Metacarpal Fractures, 537<br /><i>Christina Ward MD</i></p> <p><b>IV.III Pelvis and Lower Extremity</b></p> <p>91 Pelvic Fractures, 541<br /><i>G. Yves Laflamme MD FRCS(c), Jonah Hébert-Davies MD FRCS(c)c, and Dominique M.Rouleau MD MSc FRCS(c)</i></p> <p>92 Acetabular Fractures, 547<br /><i>Juan Antonio Porcel Vázquez MD and Ernesto Guerra-Farfán</i></p> <p>93 Hip Dislocations, 553<br /><i>Luis Felipe López MD, Carlos Prada MD MHSc, Brett D. Crist MD FACS, and Gregory J. Della Rocca MD PhD FACS</i></p> <p>94 Femoral Head Fractures, 559<br /><i>Kevin D. Phelps MD, Joshua L. Gary MD, and Milton Lee "Chip" Routt Jr MD</i></p> <p>95 Femoral Neck Fractures in Younger Patients, 565<br /><i>Malynda Wynn MD, Trevor Gulbrandsen MD, Michael Willey MD, and Matthew Hogue MD</i></p> <p>96 Femoral Neck Fractures in the Elderly, 571<br /><i>Dylan McCreary BA, Brian P. Cunningham MD, and Marc Swiontkowski MD</i></p> <p>97 Extracapsular Hip Fractures, 577<br /><i>Luke A. Lopas MD, Andrew F. Tyler MD PhD, and Samir Mehta MD</i></p> <p>98 Subtrochanteric Femur Fractures, 583<br /><i>John Morellato BSc (Pharm) MBBS (Hons) FRCSC, Steven Papp BSc MSc MD FRCSC, Wade Gofton BSc MSc MD FRCSC, and Allan Liew BSc MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>99 Femoral Shaft Fractures, 589<br /><i>Costas Papakostidis MD and Peter V. Giannoudis MD FACS FRCS</i></p> <p>100 Distal Femur Fractures, 595<br /><i>Graeme Hoit MD, Amir Khoshbin MD, and Rudolf W. Poolman MD PhD</i></p> <p>101 Proximal Tibia Fractures, 601<br /><i>Daniel Axelrod MD, Richard Jenkinson MD MSc FRCSC, and Hans Kreder MD MPH FRCSC</i></p> <p>102 Tibial Shaft Fractures, 607<br /><i>Taylor Yong MD MS, Ilda Molloy MD MS, and Leah Gitajn MD</i></p> <p>103 Intra-Articular Distal Tibia (Pilon/Plafond) Fractures, 613<br /><i>Luc Rubinger MD, Seper Ekhtiari MD MSc, and Peter J. O'Brien MD</i></p> <p>104 Malleolar Fractures, 619<br /><i>Daniel Axelrod MD and David W. Sanders MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>105 Talus Fractures, 625<br /><i>Pablo Mery MD and Carlos Prada MD MHSc</i></p> <p>106 Calcaneal Fractures, 631<br /><i>Richard E. Buckley MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>107 Lisfranc Injuries, 637<br /><i>Robin R. Elliot MA FRCS, Nicholas B. Jorgensen MBBS, and Terrence S. Saxby MBBS FRACS</i></p> <p>108 Fifth Metatarsal Fractures, 643<br /><i>Robin R. Elliot MA FRCS, Nicholas B. Jorgensen MBBS, and Terrence S. Saxby MBBS FRACS</i></p> <p><b>Section V Spine</b></p> <p>109 Mechanical Neck Pain, 651<br /><i>Kenneth Nwosu MD and Thomas Cha MD MBA</i></p> <p>110 Whiplash, 655<br /><i>Eren O. Kuris MD and Alan H. Daniels MD</i></p> <p>111 Cervical Radiculopathy and Myelopathy, 659<br /><i>Michael Fehlings MD PhD FACS FRCSC and Jetan Badhiwala MD</i></p> <p>112 Mechanical Low Back Pain: Operative Management, 665<br /><i>Pranay Patel MD, Ian Buchanan MD, Zorica Buser PhD, and Jeffrey C. Wang MD</i></p> <p>113 Mechanical Low Back Pain: Nonoperative Management, 671<br /><i>Kirkham Wood MD and Craig McMains MD</i></p> <p>114 Neurogenic Claudication, 677<br /><i>Gregor Lønne MD PhD and Øystein Nygaard MD</i></p> <p>115 Lumbar Radiculopathy, 683<br /><i>Daniel G. Tobert MD and James D. Kang MD</i></p> <p>116 Adolescent and Adult Spinal Deformity: Nonoperative Management, 687<br /><i>Patrick Thornley MD and Colby Oitment MD FRCSC</i></p> <p>117 Adolescent and Adult Spinal Deformity: Operative Management, 693<br /><i>Peter G. Passias MD, Frank A. Segreto MD, Samantha R. Horn BA, and Cole A. Bortz BA</i></p> <p>118 Metastatic/Myeloma Disease, 699<br /><i>Marco Ferrone MD and Justin Bulcher MSc</i></p> <p>119 Spinal Infections, 705<br /><i>Stuart D. Kinsella MD MTR, Lauren B. Barton BS, and Andrew J. Schoenfeld MD MSc</i></p> <p><b>Section VI Sports Medicine</b></p> <p><b>VI.I General</b></p> <p>120 Ergogenic Aids, 713<br /><i>Michael J. O'Brien MD</i></p> <p><b>VI.II Shoulder</b></p> <p>121 First Time Shoulder Dislocation, 717<br /><i>Dane Swinehart MD, Jordan Meiss MD, and Charles Cox MD</i></p> <p>122 Recurrent Shoulder Instability, 723<br /><i>Joost I. P. Willems MD, Amber von Gerhardt MD, W. Jaap Willems MD, and Arthur van Noort MD PhD</i></p> <p>123 Rotator Cuff Tears, 729<br /><i>Alberto Blanco MD, Montserrat García-Portabella MD, Lledó Batalla MD, and Josep Massons MD</i></p> <p>124 Massive and Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears, 735<br /><i>Brandon J. Erickson MD and Joshua S. Dines MD</i></p> <p>125 Subacromial Pain Syndrome, 739<br /><i>Egbert J. D. Veen MD and Ron L. Diercks MD</i></p> <p>126 Pathology of the Long Head of the Biceps, 743<br /><i>Daniel Wang BA, David Ring MD PhD, and Matt Driscoll MD</i></p> <p>127 Superior Labral Tears and Throwing Shoulder Injuries, 749<br /><i>Michael T. Freehill MD, Jacob M. Kirsch MD, Hiroyuki Sugaya MD, and Jon J. P. Warner MD</i></p> <p><b>VI.III Elbow</b></p> <p>128 Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries of the Elbow, 755<br /><i>Frank G. J. Loeffen MD, Izaäk F. Kodde MD PhD, and Denise Eygendaal MD PhD</i></p> <p>129 Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow), 761<br /><i>Neeru Jayanthi MD</i></p> <p>130 Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesions of the Elbow, 769<br /><i>Matthew Smith MD and Mitchel Obey MD</i></p> <p><b>VI.IV Hip</b></p> <p>131 Labral Tears, 775<br /><i>Chetan Gohal MD, Nolan S. Horner MD, and Marc R. Safran MD</i></p> <p>132 Femoroacetabular Impingement, 779<br /><i>Marc J. Philippon MD, Ioanna K. Bolia MD, and Karen K. Briggs MPH</i></p> <p><b>VI.V Knee</b></p> <p>133 Initial Management of the Sports Injured Knee, 783<br /><i>Marc Aguilar Garcia MD, Carla Carbonell Rosell MD, and Joan Pijoan Bueno MD</i></p> <p>134 Meniscal Tears, 787<br /><i>Nicola Maffulli MD MS PhD FRCS (Orth), Domiziano Tarantino MD, and Rocco Aicale MD</i></p> <p>135 Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries, 793<br /><i>Aaron Gazendam MD, Darren de SA MD, and Freddie Fu MD</i></p> <p>136 Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries, 799<br /><i>Chetan Gohal MD, Nolan S. Horner MD, Jihad Abouali MD, and John Theodoropoulos MD MSc</i></p> <p>137 Combined Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries, 805<br /><i>Domiziano Tarantino MD, Rocco Aicale MD, and NicolaMaffulli MD MS PhD FRCS (Orth)</i></p> <p>138 Multiligamentous Knee Injuries, 811<br /><i>James P. Stannard MD and Hee Young Lee MD</i></p> <p>139 Posterolateral Corner Injuries, 815<br /><i>Nolan S. Horner MD, Chetan Gohal MD, Olufemi R. Ayeni MD PhD, and Daniel B. Whelan MD MSc</i></p> <p>140 Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis Procedures and the Anterolateral Ligament, 819<br /><i>Felipe Moreira MD, Merce Reverté MD PhD, Enric Castellet MD, and Joan Minguell MD PhD</i></p> <p>141 Cartilage Lesions of the Knee, 825<br /><i>Mario Hevesi MD, Aaron J. Krych MD, and Daniël B. F. Saris MD PhD</i></p> <p>142 Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee), 831<br /><i>Carlos Prada MD MHSc and Sebastián Irarrázaval MD</i></p> <p>143 Osteotomy and Lower Extremity Realignment Procedures, 837<br /><i>Jayson Lian BA, Darren de SA MD, João V. Novaretti MD, and Volker Musahl MD</i></p> <p><b>VI.VI Foot & Ankle</b></p> <p>144 Ankle Ligament Injuries, 843<br /><i>Gwendolyn Vuurberg PhD, J. Nienke Altink BSc, Rover Krips MD PhD, and Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs MD PhD</i></p> <p>145 Achilles Tendinopathy, 849<br /><i>Domiziano Tarantino MD, Rocco Aicale MD, and Nicola Maffulli MD MS PhD FRCS (Orth)</i></p> <p><b>Section VII Wrist</b></p> <p>146 Distal Radius Malunions, 855<br /><i>Muhanned Ali MD, Roberto S. Rosales MD PhD, and Isam Atroshi MD PhD</i></p> <p>147 Distal Radial-Ulnar Joint, 861<br /><i>Nina Suh MD</i></p> <p>148 Wrist Osteoarthritis, 867<br /><i>Randy Bindra MD</i></p> <p>149 Rheumatoid Wrist Reconstruction, 873<br /><i>Warren Hammert DDS MD</i></p> <p>150 Acute Scaphoid Fractures, 877<br /><i>Joseph J. Dias MD (Research) FRCS MBBS</i></p> <p>151 Scaphoid Nonunions, 883<br /><i>Anne Eva J. Bulstra MD, Job N. Doornberg MD PhD, Myriam C. Obdeijn MD PhD, and Geert A. Buijze MD PhD</i></p> <p>152 Carpal Instability, 889<br /><i>Jessica B. Hawken MD and Aviram M. Giladi MD MS</i></p> <p>153 Kienböck's Disease, 895<br /><i>Simon B. M. MacLean and Gregory I. Bain</i></p> <p>154 Trapeziometacarpal Osteoarthritis, 899<br /><i>Jeremiah D. Johnson MD, Jennifer M. Brewer BA, and Jennifer Moriatis Wolf MD</i></p> <p><b>Section VIII Hand</b></p> <p>155 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Nonoperative Management, 907<br /><i>Thomas A. Miller MD FRCPC, Christopher Doherty MD MPH FRCSC, and Douglas C. Ross MD MEd FRCSC</i></p> <p>156 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Operative Management, 913<br /><i>Douglas C. Ross MD MEd FRCSC, Christopher Doherty MD MPH FRCSC, and Thomas A. Miller MD FRCPC</i></p> <p>157 Carpal Tunnel Release: Minor Procedure Room or Operating Room?, 917<br /><i>Kevin Cheung MD and Hannah St Denis-Katz MD</i></p> <p>158 Thumb Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis, 921<br /><i>Ryan Wolek MD, Steven McCabe MD MSc, and Matthew Furey MD MSc</i></p> <p>159 Flexor Tendon Injuries: Surgical Management, 925<br /><i>Robert M. Szabo MD MPH and Shima Sokol MD</i></p> <p>160 Flexor Tendon Injuries: Rehabilitation, 931<br /><i>Matthew McRae MD, Mark McRae MD, Daniel Waltho MD, and Jenny Santos MSc</i></p> <p>161 Extensor Tendon Injuries, 935<br /><i>Noor Alolabi MD, Monica Alderson MSc, and Carolyn M. Levis MD MSc</i></p> <p>162 Dupuytren's Disease, 947<br /><i>Lauren Willoughby BMSc MD FRCSC, Daniel Waltho MD, Marta Karpinski BHSc, and Achilleas Thoma MD MSc</i></p> <p>163 Rheumatoid Hand Reconstruction, 953<br /><i>Kevin C. Chung MD MS, Oluseyi Aliu MD, and Sandra V. Kotsis MPH</i></p> <p>164 Replantation, 957<br /><i>Serge Goekjian MD FRCS (C), Lucas Gallo BHSc MD (c), and Achilleas Thoma MD MSc</i></p> <p>165 Ulnar Neuropathy, 963<br /><i>Christopher DohertyMDMPH FRCSC, Thomas A. Miller MD FRCPC, and Douglas C. Ross MD MEd FRCSC</i></p> <p>166 Finger Fractures, 969<br /><i>Claire Ryan MD and David Ring MD PhD</i></p> <p><b>Section IX Oncology</b></p> <p>167 Radiation Therapy in Soft Tissue Sarcoma, 975<br /><i>Anthony Bozzo MD MSc, Aaron Gazendam MD, and Kurt R. Weiss MD</i></p> <p>168 Chemotherapy in Soft Tissue Sarcoma, 981<br /><i>Robert J. Wilson II MD, Jennifer L. Halpern MD, Jill Gilbert MD, Ginger E. Holt MD, Vicki L. Keedy MD, and Herbert S. Schwartz MD</i></p> <p>169 Surgical Margins in Soft Tissue Sarcoma, 993<br /><i>Eugenia Schwarzkopf MD, Tomohiro Fujiwara MD, and John H. Healey MD</i></p> <p>170 Allograft versus Megaprosthesis, 999<br /><i>Kelly C. Homlar MD, Robert J. Wilson II MD, Jessica Rose Wilson MD MSCI, Jennifer L. Halpern MD, Herbert S. Schwartz MD, and Ginger E. Holt MD</i></p> <p>171 Biopsy of Soft Tissue Masses, 1005<br /><i>Aaron Gazendam MD, Anthony Bozzo MD MSc, Casey Wang MD, and David Wilson MD MASc</i></p> <p>172 Denosumab in Giant Cell Tumors of Bone, 1011<br /><i>Michael Parry MD and Robert Grimer MD</i></p> <p><b>Section X Pediatrics</b></p> <p>173 Outcomes in Pediatric Orthopedics, 1019<br /><i>Unni G. Narayanan MBBS MSc FRCS(C)</i></p> <p>174 Cerebral Palsy, 1029<br /><i>Vedant Kulkarni MD</i></p> <p>175 Pediatric Osteoarticular Infections, 1035<br /><i>Brice Ilharreborde MD, Cindy Mallet MD, and Dimitri Ceroni MD</i></p> <p>176 Simple Bone Cysts, 1041<br /><i>Cristina Alves MD FEBOT, Inês Balacó MD, Marta Salom Taverner MD PhD, Thomas Wirth MD PhD, and Michiel Van De Sande MD PhD</i></p> <p>177 Pediatric Clavicle Fractures, 1047<br /><i>Benton E. Heyworth MD and Nirav Pandya MD</i></p> <p>178 Supracondylar Humerus Fractures, 1053<br /><i>Ravi Brar MD MPH, David Skaggs MD MMM, and Sanjeev Sabharwal MD MPH</i></p> <p>179 Adolescent Spondylolisthesis, 1061<br /><i>Matthew E. Oetgen MD MBA and M. Timothy Hresko MD</i></p> <p>180 Early Onset Scoliosis, 1067<br /><i>Jason Pui Yin Cheung MBBS MMedSc MS FHKAM (orth) FRCS(orth) FHKCOS(Edin), Susan Nelson MD MPH, James O. Sanders MD, and Ron El-Hawary MD MSc FRCS (C)</i></p> <p>181 Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip, 1075<br /><i>Emily K. Schaeffer PhD and Wudbhav N. Sankar MD</i></p> <p>182 Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease, 1081<br /><i>Benjamin Joseph MS Orth MCh Orth FRCS Ed and Hitesh Shah MS Orth</i></p> <p>183 Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis, 1087<br /><i>Eduardo Novais MD and Randy Loder MD</i></p> <p>184 Pediatric Femoral Shaft Fractures, 1093<br /><i>Matthew Winterton MD, Shital Parikh MD FACS, and Keith Baldwin MD MSPT MPH</i></p> <p>185 Infantile Blount Disease, 1099<br /><i>Steven M. Rivero MD and Sanjeev Sabharwal MD MPH</i></p> <p>186 Pediatric Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries, 1107<br /><i>Lindsay Schlichte MS, Colleen Wixted BS, and Daniel Green MD MS FACS</i></p> <p>187 Clubfoot, 1113<br /><i>Anna D. Vergun MD and Peter Moskal MD</i></p> <p>188 Tarsal Coalitions, 1119<br /><i>Joseph Fox MD and Maryse Bouchard MD MSc</i></p> <p>Index, 1125</p>
<p><b>MOHIT BHANDARI, MD, PHD, FRCSC,</b> is Professor of Surgery in the Division of Orthopedic Surgery at McMaster University, Ontario, Canada. He is a University Scholar, holds a Canada Research Chair in Evidence-Based Orthopedics, serves as Associate Chair-Research in the Department of Surgery, and was inducted as a member of the Order of Canada. Dr Bhandari has been acknowledged as one of the top 10 most cited orthopedic fracture surgeons in the world. He conducts major multinational, transformative randomized clinical trials, publishes actively in the top medical journals, lectures to thousands around the world, and edits several major textbooks. He is Editor-in-Chief of OrthoEvidence, an online source for high quality and timely evidence-based orthopedic summaries.</p>
<p>EVIDENCE-BASED ORTHOPEDICS</p><p>SECOND EDITION</p><p><i>Evidence-Based Orthopedics</i> is an up-to-date review of the best evidence for the diagnosis, management, and treatment of orthopedic conditions. Covering orthopedic surgery as well as pre- and post-operative complications, this comprehensive guide provides recommendations for implementing evidence-based practice in the clinical setting. Chapters written by leading clinicians and researchers in the field are supported by tables of evidence that summarize systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials. In areas where evidence is insufficient to recommend a practice, summaries of the available research are provided to assist in decision-making.</p><p>This fully revised new edition reflects the most recent evidence using the approved evidence-based medicine (EBM) guidelines and methodology. The text now places greater emphasis on GRADE—a transparent framework for developing and presenting summaries of evidence—to allow readers to easily evaluate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations. The second edition offers a streamlined presentation and an improved standardized format emphasizing how evidence in each chapter directly affects clinical decisions. Incorporating a vast amount of new evidence, <i>Evidence-Based Orthopedics</i>:</p><ul><li>Features thoroughly revised and updated content, including a new chapter on pediatric orthopedics and new X-ray images</li><li>Provides the evidence base for orthopedic surgery as well as pediatric orthopedics and orthopedic conditions requiring medical treatment </li><li>Covers the different methods for most orthopedic surgical procedures, such as hip replacements, arthroscopy, and knee replacements </li><li>Helps surgeons and orthopedic specialists achieve a uniform optimum standard through a condition-based approach </li><li>Aligns with internationally accepted guidelines and best health economic principles</li></ul><p><i>Evidence-Based Orthopedics</i> is an invaluable resource for orthopedic specialists, surgeons, trauma surgeons, trainees, and medical students.</p>

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