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Fundamentals and Frontiers of the Josephson Effect


Fundamentals and Frontiers of the Josephson Effect


Springer Series in Materials Science, Band 286

von: Francesco Tafuri

159,99 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 17.09.2019
ISBN/EAN: 9783030207267
Sprache: englisch

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Beschreibungen

This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date description of the Josephson effect, a topic of never-ending interest in both fundamental and applied physics.  In this volume, world-renowned experts present the unique aspects of the physics of the Josephson effect, resulting from the use of new materials, of hybrid architectures and from the possibility of realizing nanoscale junctions. These new experimental capabilities lead to systems where novel coherent phenomena and transport processes emerge. All this is of great relevance and impact, especially when combined with the didactic approach of the book. The reader will benefit from a general and modern view of coherent phenomena in weakly-coupled superconductors on a macroscopic scale.  Topics that have been only recently discussed in specialized papers and in short reviews are described here for the first time and organized in a general framework. An important section of the book is also devoted to applications, with focus on long-term, future applications. In addition to a significant number of illustrations, the book includes numerous tables for comparative studies on technical aspects. 
Introductory Notes on the Josephson Effect: Main Concepts and Phenomenology.- Josephson Devices as Tests of Quantum Mechanics Towards the Everyday Level.- Basic Properties of the Josephson Effect.- Charge Transport in Unconventional Superconductor Junctions.- Mesoscopic Features in Nanoscale Superconducting Devices.- Magnetic Field Effects in Josephson Junctions.- Current—Voltage Characteristics.- High Critical Temperature Superconductor Josephson Junctions and Other Exotic Structures.- Pairing Symmetry Effects.- Intrinsic Josephson Junctions in High Temperature Superconductors .- Phase Dynamics and Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling.- High Frequency Properties of Josephson Junctions.- Josephson Effect in Graphene and 3d Topological Insulators.- Physics and Applications of NanoSQUIDs.- Josephson Junctions for Metrology Applications.- Josephson Junctions for Digital Applications.- Quantum Bits with Josephson Junctions.- Quantum Superconduction Networks: From Josephson to QED Arrays.- Josephson Effects in Superfluid Helium.- Weak Link for Ultracold Bosonic Gases.
Francesco Tafuri is Professor of Condensed Matter Physics at the University of Napoli Federico II. He earned his PhD from the University of Napoli, with further work at the Lawrence Berkeley  Laboratory,  the New York State University at Stony Brook, and as a Fulbright Fellow at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center. His scientific interests fall in the field of superconductivity with a focus on the Josephson effect, on macroscopic quantum phenomena and on high critical temperature superconductivity, with many contributions to the study of quantum properties of Josephson hybrid junctions with unconventional barriers/superconducting electrodes and of mesoscopic and nanoscale superconducting  systems. He has co-authored about 130 articles in peer reviewed journals on the Josephson effect and related phenomena.
This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date description of the Josephson effect, a topic of never-ending interest in both fundamental and applied physics.  In this volume, world-renowned experts present the unique aspects of the physics of the Josephson effect, resulting from the use of new materials, of hybrid architectures and from the possibility of realizing nanoscale junctions. These new experimental capabilities lead to systems where novel coherent phenomena and transport processes emerge. Recent examples include, for instance, the use of Josephson junctions for the detection of Majorana fermions and for superconducting qubits. All this is of great relevance and impact, especially when combined with the didactic approach of the book. The reader will benefit from a general and modern view of coherent phenomena in weakly-coupled superconductors on a macroscopic scale.  Topics that have been only recently discussed in specialized papers and in short reviews are described here for the first time and organized in a general framework. An important section of the book is also devoted to applications, with focus on long-term, future applications. In addition to a significant number of illustrations, the book includes numerous tables for comparative studies on technical aspects. 
Provides detailed, state-of-the-art coverage of the Josephson effectFeatures chapters on fundamentals and applications by international experts in the fieldRepresents the first comprehensive, book-length treatment of the topic in thirty years
Provides detailed, state-of-the-art coverage of the Josephson effectFeatures chapters on fundamentals and applications by international experts in the fieldRepresents the first comprehensive, book-length treatment of the topic in thirty years

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